SharePoint 2010/2013 Single-Multi Server Installation using AutoSPInstaller

What you expect?

  • How to install SharePoint 2010/2013 single-multiple servers using AutoSPInstaller?
  • Which Service Accounts are used and why they are needed for SharePoint Server and SQL Server Installation & configuration?
  • What should we take care while Configuration of AutoSPInstallerGUI?
  • You can get base architecture knowledge on which SharePoint works and why each configuration is needed for SharePoint Installation?

Recently I have installed the SharePoint Server 2013 on multiple servers. First I will define my Environment. So it’s helpful for understanding the Server’s Architecture.

I have two application servers, two web front end servers and one database server

Server Architecture:

Server Name Description
SPAPP1 Application Server 1
SPAPP2 Application Search Server
SPWEB1 SharePoint Web Front End 1
SPWEB2 SharePoint Web Front End 2

Three-tier farm configuration

  • You can add web servers (SPWEB1, SPWEB2) to the web tier. These servers can be configured as conventional web servers to handle user requests, or they can be configured to host dedicated query components or other service components.
  • You can add application servers (SPAPP1, SPAPP2) to the application tier and configure them as dedicated servers that will host the SharePoint Central Administration website or other services on the farm that require dedicated resources or isolation from the web tier — for example, crawl components, query components, and profile pages.
  • You can add database servers to the database tier (SQL) to implement a stand-alone instance, database mirroring, or a failover cluster. To configure the farm for high availability, database mirroring or a failover cluster is required on the database tier.

SharePoint Service Accounts

Why we need Service Accounts while installing and configuring the SQL Server and SharePoint Server?

If the Service Accounts cannot configure properly while SharePoint Installation and configuration then they can open big security problems. So need to set up the accounts as per the security risk.

By giving fewer rights to each account, you limit the possible damage in case an account gets hacked and also follow Microsoft’s recommendation of installing SharePoint 2013 with least-privilege administration

I have used below two service accounts SQL_Admin and SQL_Service for SQL Server and 10 SharePoint Service Accounts for SharePoint Setup, Farm Administrator, Web Application Pool, Service Application Pool, My Site Application Pool, Crawl and Search Service accounts, User Profile account, Cache Object accounts

For the SQL Server

Name Description Local Rights Domain Rights
SQL_Admin SQL Admin on the SQL Server. Used to Install the SQL Server. Local Administrator on the SQL Server Domain User
SQL_Services It is the service account for the following SQL Server services: MSSQLSERVER SQLSERVERAGENT. None Domain User

First I have installed SQL Server 2012 R2 on SQLDB server.

After completing the SQL Server installation, you need to set up SQL Server Alias for SQL Server for Remote access. So we can directly connect to SQL Server using the given alias name instead of the SQL Server Instance name.

I have already written blog on how to configure SQL Server Alias and you can get over it from:

Here I have created SQL Server Alias named “DevDB”.

Now it’s time for creating the SharePoint Service Accounts

SharePoint 2013 Service Accounts Practice

Name Description Local Rights Domain Rights
SP_Install The server farm account is used to perform the following tasks:

  • Seup
  • SharePoint Products Configuration Wizard
Local Administrator on all the SharePoint Servers. SecurityAdmin and DB_Creator rights on the SQL Instance Domain User
SP_Farm The server farm account is used to perform the following tasks:

  • Configure and manage the server farm.
  • Act as the application pool identity for the SharePoint Central Administration Web site.
  • Run the Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service.
SecurityAdmin and DB_Creator rights on the SQL Instance Domain User
SP_Portal The SP_Portal account is used to run the Web Application Pools. None Domain User
SP_MySite The SP_MySite account is used to run the MySite application Pool None Domain User
SP_Services The Services Account is used to run the Service Application Pool None Domain User
SP_Crawl The Default Content Access Account for the Search Service Application None Domain User
SP_Search Service Account to run the SharePoint Search “Windows Service” None Domain User
SP_UserProfiles The User Profile Synchronization Account None Replicate Directory Changes permission on the domain.
SP_CacheAdmin Web application Policy Full Control. So items can be cached by ASP.Net to improve the performance None Domain User
SP_ CacheReader Web application Policy Read Control. So items can be cached by ASP.Net to improve the performance None Domain User

Replicating Directory Changes permission to the Profile Service account
For configuring the replicating directory changes permission to profile service account:

AutoSPInstaller and AutoSPInstallerGUI
AutoSPInstaller is an open source set of PowerShell scripts that installs and performs a base configuration of SharePoint Server 2010 or 2013. These scripts were originally authored by Brian Lalancette and Andrew Woodward as well as other community contributors.  It configures a single or multi-server SharePoint farm based on a predefined configuration XML file.

Download link for AutoSPInstaller:

For Multi-Server deployment, Provides the Sharing access on extracted folders of AutoSPInstaller. So all other SharePoint Servers can access it while installation.

Files Structure inside AutoSPInstaller Extracted Folder

AutoSPInstaller Structure

AutoSPInstaller Structure

AutoSPInstaller can be run either in

  • Offline Mode: In Offline mode you need Prerequisites files
  • Online Mode: In Online mode, it will automatically download Prerequisites files from internet.

SharePoint 2010 Media

  • Download SharePoint 2010 Prerequisites – Here is the download link for SharePoint 2010 Prerequisites
  • After Completing the download of prerequisites, put prerequisites files inside PrerequisitesInstallerFiles Folder(SP->2010->SharePoint->PrerequisitesInstallerFiles)
  • (SP->2010->SharePoint.
  • Then Open your SharePoint 2010 installation media and copy it to SharePoint Folder.

SharePoint 2013 Media

  • Download SharePoint 2013 Prerequisites
  • After Completing the download of prerequisites, put prerequisites files insidePrerequisitesInstallerFiles (SP->2013->SharePoint->PrerequisitesInstallerFiles)
  • Then Open your SharePoint 2013 installation media and copy it to SharePoint Folder. (SP->2013->SharePoint)

Why we to use AutoSPInstaller?
PowerShell is recommending for the below reasons:

  • Streamlined Deployment
  • Reduce Human Error
  • Generate Farm Configuration Documentation and
  • Repeatable procedures for deploying staging and development environments to mirror production.

Why we to use AutoSPInstallerGUI?
AutoSPInstaller’s configuration required very high knowledge of the PowerShell, SharePoint Architecture, Active Directory and most important accuracy. Because it only contains the PowerShell Script. But if you know basic level of SharePoint Structure, then by using the AutoSPInstallerGUI, it is possible to configure the single server/multiple servers SharePoint Installation.

AutoSPInstallerGUI is a Windows application that helps you build this configuration XML file with useful tooltips, tabular GUI, and error checking on your inputs.  AutoSPInstallerGUI is built and maintained by Ivan Josipovic.  Both of these projects are hosted on Codeplex and are free to use.
Download link for AutoSPInstallerGUI:

Extract both file and put it in right place.
Note: If you get the following issue with AutoSPInstallerGUI opening:

.NET FremeWork 3.5 Feature Error

.NET FremeWork 3.5 Feature Error

Then you just have to enable .NET Framework 3.5 in just current server where AutoSPInstaller is running.

You can enable the .NET Framework 3.5 yourself through Control Panel. In Control Panel, choose Programs and Features, choose Turn Windows features on or off, and then select the .NET Framework 3.5 (includes .NET 2.0 and 3.0) check box. You can also select option child option as per your requirements

Enable .NET FrameWork 3.5

Enable .NET FrameWork 3.5

Restart the Server.

For Executing the Script Unattended we have to take care of below steps for all the SharePoint Servers listed as above:
Prepare for Unattended SharePoint Install

You have to perform below settings on all the SharePoint Servers (SPWEB1, SPWEB2,SPAPP1,SPAPP2) for Unattended SharePoint Install.

  • Open Run (Press Windows + R) by type “msconfig”
Windows MSConfig

Windows MSConfig

  • Select Tools” tab and Launch “Change UAC Settings”.
Change UAC Settings

Change UAC Settings

  • Scroll to the “Never Notify” and press OK”
User Account Control Settings

User Account Control Settings

Turn off warning on file open

  • Open Run (Press Windows + R) by type “gpedit.msc”
  • Redirect To : User Configuration => Administrative Templates=> Windows Components=> Attachment Manager=> Inclusion list for low file types=> add ”exe;” to the list.
Change Registry Settings

Change Registry Settings

Inclusion of .EXE file

Inclusion of .EXE file

Enable For Low Type File

Enable For Low Type File

  • Restart the SharePoint Server

AutoSPInstallerGUI Configuration

Configure the AutoSPInstaller XML file using the AutoSPInstallerGUI as below and run the AutoSPInstaller .bat file on the SharePoint Application Server (SPAPP1). You only have to run the AutoSPInstaller script from a single server. It will go out and run itself on all other servers in your farm. The first server will install itself, create the farm and the service applications and in the end connect to the other servers.

Currently I am logged in with “SP_Install” account on “SPAPP1” application server (which is local admin on all SharePoint Server and also has SQL Server Permission with DBCreate and  and SecurityAdmin).

Note: Use server name (i.e. SPAPP1) instead of the localhost.

Single Server Install: If you want to install service on single server, then just specify the server name (i.e. SPWEB1)

Multi Servers Install: If you want to install service on multiple servers, then specify the comma separated server names (i.e. SPWEB1,SPWEB2) as below shown.

Step 1:

AutoSPInstaller Install

AutoSPInstaller Install

SharePoint Version SharePoint version which you will going to install
Offline Install If enabled, SharePoint prerequisite will be installed from SharePoint\SharePointPrerequisite FolderIf disable, SharePoint prerequisite will be downloaded during install. Don’t need to put prerequisite in SharePoint\SharePointPrerequisite Folder. Just enable the internet.
Pause After Install It’s useful for multiple remote server installation. The script will pause after SharePoint binaries are installed.
Remote Install For multiple remote server installation. There are two options:
Enable: Script will know, its remote install and configure the farm for multiple remote servers
Parallel Install: Override the “Pause After Install” option and install SharePoint binaries on multiple remote servers simultaneously to speed up the things.
Auto Admin Logon For automatic log on using SharePoint install account at server restart while SharePoint binaries Installation.
Disable Check all the options for smooth execution. Which disable network loopback check, disable unused services while installation.
Unattended Install Config File: Create automatically if not specified, contains configuration used while installation.
Install Dir: define the place of SharePoint Server program files, It doesn’t have connection with 14/15 hive. By default, Install Dir is /%ProgramFiles% Microsoft Office Servers/
Data Dir: define the place for SharePoint 14/15 hive.
PID Key: SharePoint Server Product ID Key.

Step 2:

AutoSPInstaller Farm Main

AutoSPInstaller Farm Main

AutoSPInstaller SharePoint Managed Acoounts

AutoSPInstaller SharePoint Managed Acoounts

Passphrase To join additional server to the farm and used in secure token service application
Farm Account Add To Local Admins During Setup: Add farm account to local admin group of servers and required for UPS Application.
Leave In Local Admins: leave farm account from admin group if enabled
Username Password: Farm account credentials
Database DB Server: Database Server where SharePoint Config Database will resides. Its better to pre configure the Alias for the DB server instance and you just need to specify the alias name. To create SQL Server Alias follow: Create SQL Server Alias
Create Alias: don’t need to create alias if you have configured alias already as in DB server.
DB Prefix: “DB Prefix” is perpended to all database name which are created during SharePoint Installation. I have used “SP”. So SharePoint “config “database named as “SP_Config”
Config DB: Farm configuration database. Database is Named as “SP_Config” in DB Server
Central Administrator Provision: Which on which host the Central Administrator Web Application. Preferred, Application server (“SPAAP1”) is used to host the central admin or you can say that where the CA is configured that server is called as application server in SharePoint multi servers.
DB Name: Central Admin web application database.”Content_Admin” becomes “SP_Content_Admin” in database server “DevDB”
Port: Port number on which CA will run.
Use SSL: Automatically create SSL certification if SSL enable.
Managed Accounts Managed Accounts: A Managed Account is effectively an Active Directory user account whose credentials are managed by and contained within SharePoint.I have configured below Managed accounts from the above SharePoint Service Account
Domain\SP_Service: For most of the SharePoint Service except Search Service
Domain\SP_Portal: Application pool account for web application 1
Domain\SP_MySite: Application pool account for my site web application
Domain\SP_Search: used by search service
Object Cache Accounts Super User: Web application Policy Full Control. So items can be cached by ASP.Net to improve the performance (SP_CacheAdmin)
Super Reader: Web application Policy Read Control. So items can be cached by ASP.Net to improve the performance (SP_ CacheReader)

Step 3:

AutoSPInstaller Services

AutoSPInstaller Services

Sandboxed Code On which server, Sandbox service will run, false means do not need to host.Same for the Claim To Windows Token and SMTP Service.If you want to configure then provide the server nameI am hosting the SMTP Service on application server(SPAPP1)
Outgoing Email Enable to configure the outgoing SMTP setting for Farm
Incoming mail Provide same server on which SMTP service is running(SPAPP1)
Distributed Cache Provides distributed cache on server. Web Front End Servers are preferred.So I have given my two WFEs as (SPWEB1,SPWEB2)
Workflow Timer Host Workflow Time Service. Provide the app server name(SPAPP1)
Web Application Host SharePoint Web application on web front end. For multiple WFEs, provide comma separated name as SPWEB1,SPWEB2

Step 4:

AutoSPInstaller Farm Logging

AutoSPInstaller Farm Logging

IIS Logs You can provide the separate log location instead of the 14/15 hive folder. I have given the separate folders for logs in D: drive.In addition, also specify the log disk usage in GB and how many days to keep logs interval in days
ULS Logs
Usage Logs

Step 5:

AutoSPInstaller Portal Web Application

AutoSPInstaller Portal Web Application

AutoSPInstaller MySite Web Application

AutoSPInstaller MySite Web Application

Add URL to HOSTS If you have not configured the DNS for Web Application URL, then enabled flag will all add Alternative Access Mapping URL to the Local server’s host file
WebApplications By default its provide two, web applications. Portal and MySite. We also have the add/remove options to add more or remove Web Application. But there is one limitation is that we must have to create/configure one Web Application either Portal or MySite.I have added two Web Applications: Portal and MySite
Type Web Application Type, you can use Portal or MySiteHost as per the Application.One Web Application should have this type at a time.
Name Web Application Name
App Pool Name Application Pool Name under which the Web Application will run.
URL Web Application Host Header. All Site Collection will begin with this name and please choose http:// or htttps:// carefully. Do not add port number. It’s below.
Port Port Number of Web Application
Database Server Provide the SQL Server or Alias Name as configured above. By default it will take farm database server.
Database Name Content Database Name for the Web Application.
Database Alias If you have already configured the SQL Server Alias then it’s not need to configure
Use Host Header If Checked, then web app URL will be placed in IIS Bindings. If you configure the same host named site collection (http://SharePoint), then do not need to enable.
Add URL To Local Intranet Zone If checked, then while browsing the web app, it will not ask credentials.
  Grant Current User Full Control: Provides current user all control on web app.
  Use Claims Authentication: Enable Claims Authentication
  Use Basic Authentication: Enable Basic Authentication
Managed Paths Allows to create addition managed path and url
Site Collection We can add/remove multiple site collections per web application using this GUI.
  Site URL: Site collection URL. Don’t include the port number
  Host Named Site Collection: Enable to create Host named site collection.
  Owner: Site Collection Owner Account. It’s required. Otherwise script will fail.
  Name, Description: Provide the name means Title and Description
  DBName: Content DB of site collection, IF not specified then, it will use Web App Content DB by defaultSearch URL: Search center URL.
  Custom Template: we can choose custom web template for the root web for site collection. Currently I have selected Team Site Template.

Step 6: Configured the Search Service Application on Separate Application Server (SPAPP2) and All Other Services are on other Application Server (SPAPP1).

AutoSPInstaller Search Service Instance

AutoSPInstaller Search Service Instance

AutoSPInstaller Search Service Application

AutoSPInstaller Search Service Application

Search Service Instance Provision: Server Name, On which the Search Service Instance is created. I have used separate application server which host the Service Application (SPAPP2)
  Connection Timeout: In Seconds, wait to crawl contents, links. So please assign value carefully. Not too high, not too low. 60 seconds are recommended.
Acknowledgement Timeout: how long wait for request ack.
  Contact Email: For contact content admin if crawl error or performance error occurs.
Search Service Application Name –Proxy of Search Service Application
  Content Account and Content Acc Password: This account is used for Content Crawling.
  Search Center URL: Default search center URL for all site collections.
  Database Name, Database Sever: Search Service Database Name and DB Host Server Name (Alias Name).
  Application Pool Name and Admin Component App Pool Name: Application pool name under which search service will run.
  Search Topology: Provide the server names for proper distribution of search service. I have configured the separate Application Server for Search Service

Step 7: All Other Services except Search Service are hosted on Application Server (SPAPP1)

AutoSPInstaller UPS

AutoSPInstaller UPS

UPS User Profile Service also need the Provision server name, Service Name, Proxy Name, Content DB names for Profile, Sync and Sync and Database Server name as configured in Search Service.
  Sync Account: This account name is same name which we have used in replication Active Directory Change configuration for providing the synchronization between AD and SharePoint User profile accounts.I have used Domain\SP_UserProfilesAlso check the
Start Profile Sync and Create Default Sync Connection for starting the service and creating the sync connection between AD and SharePoint Servers.

Step 8:

AutoSPInstaller BDC Service

AutoSPInstaller BDC Service

AutoSPInstaller App Management

AutoSPInstaller App Management

AutoSPInstaller MMS

AutoSPInstaller MMS

BDC, MMS and App Management Services Service need the Provision server name, Service Name, Proxy Name, Content DB names for Profile, Sync and Sync and Database Server name as configured in Search Service and UPS.Now all other services have the same configuration as above.

Step 9:

AutoSPInstaller Performance Point Service

AutoSPInstaller Performance Point Service

You can configure the five Enterprise Service Applications of Excel, Visio, Access 2010, Access 2013 and PerformancePoint Service by provide the Host Server and Database name, Service Account Name like below displayed the Performance Point Service Configuration.

Execute the Configured AutoSPInstaller XML using PowerShell

After completing the AutoSPInstaller configuration, You can save as XML file as “DevAutoSPInstaller.xml” in the AutoSPInstaller folder as shown in figure.

I have taken the different name, because I can use the actual “AutoSPInstallerInput.xml” file for reference.
Before running the AutoSPInstaller PowerShell, Please make sure that you logged with with “SP_Install”(which is local admin on all SharePoint Server and also has SQL Server Permission with DBCreate and  and SecurityAdmin ) account in your server.
Currently I am logged in with “SP_Install” account on “SPAPP1” application server.
Now, Drag the new XML file “DevAutoSPInstaller.xml” into the AutoSPInstallerLaunch.bat.

If you directly run “AutoSPInstallerLaunch” bat file, by default it will use “AutoSPInstallerInput.xml”. So take care while running the bat file.


Stay Connected…

Thank you…



Create and Configure SQL Server Alias for SharePoint Installation

Hello friends, today I will let you know about the SQL Server Instance and SQL Server Alias creation and configuration. When I saw first time, I was confused about

  • What is SQL Server Instance and SQL Server Alias?
  • Why we are using SQL Server Instance and SQL Server Alias?
  • How to create and configure them?
  • I will try to solve above questions. Let’s Start,

Client applications connect to an instance of Microsoft SQL Server to work with a SQL Server database.

When you are going to install SQL Server, you have to select options for SQL Server Instance:
An instance is either the default, unnamed instance, or it is a named instance.

SQL Server Default Instance

When SQL Server is installed in the default instance, it does not require a client to specify the name of the instance to make a connection. The client only has to know the server name.
MY-MACHINE-NAME /* unnamed version (default instance) */

SQL Server Named Instance

A named instance is identified by the network name of the computer plus the instance name that you specify during installation. The client must specify both the server name and the instance name when connecting.

How to make decision which to do:

  • You can install only one default instance but can install multiple named instances. It is good to install only a default instance unless you have a special need to install multiple SQL Server instances on the same host, such as running different versions concurrently or other isolation requirements. These additional instances must be named.
  • The underlying difference between a default and named instance is mostly a matter of network connectivity. Clients can connect to the default instance using only the host name over the well-known 1433 port. To connect to a named instance, clients specify the host and instance name (e.g. ” MY-MACHINE-NAME\MSSQLSERVER”) and the SQL Server Browser service returns the port the named instance is listening on.

Now Let go on SQL Server Alias:

A SQL Server alias is simply a friendly name or nick name, configured on the client computer that points at a SQL Server instance. This instance can either be installed locally or on a different machine on the network.

So if my SQL Server Alias name is “DevelopmentDB”,
Then you can say for SQL Server Named Instance, “MY-MACHINE-NAME\MSSQLSERVER” = “DevelopmentDB”

Note: For that we need to configure the SQL Server Alias on the SQL Server, after that we can use the SQL Alias name instead of the SQL Server Instance name.

SQL Server Alias Creation Steps:
Step 1: Run the SQL Server Configuration Manager, Programs -> Microsoft SQL Server 2012 -> Configuration Tools

SQL Server Configuration Manager

SQL Server Configuration Manager

Step 2: Verify the SQL Server (MSSQLSERVER) Service is running under the SQL Server Service option.


Step 3: Verify the TCP/IP Protocol is enabled for the SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration (32bit) and SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration tree.

SQL Server Configuration Manager

SQL Server Configuration Manager

Step 4: Create the new alias, Right click and select new alias under Aliases of SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration (32bit) and tree.
In New Alias Creation Dialog,
• You have to set the protocol to TCP/IP,
Port no, by default SQL Server uses 1433 port number. You can also specify other port number as well.
Server name: SQL Server Instance Name as discussed above (default Instance or named instance)
• I have default Instance named “MyDBServer”.
• New alias name is “DevelopmentDB”
So Now, “DevelopmentDB” alias uses “MyDBServer”, port no “1433” and “TCP/IP” protocol to connect to the SQL Server Instance over the network

SQL Server Alias - 32bit

SQL Server Alias – 32bit

SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration-32bit(a)

SQL Server Alias

SQL Server Alias

SQL Native Client 11.0 Configuration(b)

Step 5: We have completed the create alias process. For the verification open SQL Server Management Studio and try to connect with SQL Server using newly created alias name “DevelopmentDB”. If everything configuration is fine, then it will connect to SQL Server:

SQL Server Management Studio

SQL Server Management Studio

This is the scenario where you have one machine or server and you have successfully created SQL Server Alias.

One more beneficial use of SQL Server Alias is for the multiple servers’ environment like SharePoint Multiple Server Farm.
Assume, we have two servers

  • Database Server: MyDBServer
  • SharePoint Server: MySPServer

SQL Server is not installed on “MySPServer” server. But still we can use the SQL Server Instance of the “MyDBServer” using the alias configuration on “MySPServer” sever
Below Configuration, We have to do on the SharePoint Server “MySPServer” to connect to the SQL Server of “MyDBServer”.
We have already created alias named ”DevelopmentDB” on the server “MyDBServer”.

Now we have to configure SQL Server alias on the “MySPServer” server as below:
Step 1: If you haven’t installed the SQL Server 2012 client tools, you can still create an alias using the SQL Server Client Network Utility. To bring up the utility, click on Start, then run, and run cliconfg.exe.
Or you can open it form C:\Windows\System32\cliconfg.exe



Step 2: Below view of SQL Server Client Network Utility, Enable the TCP/IP protocol from the General Tab,

SQL Server Client Network Utility

SQL Server Client Network Utility

Step 3: Go to the Alias Tab to create a new alias, click on the Add… button.
Add Network Library Configuration” view,
Server Alias is what the application will attempt to connect. I have already created that alias on SQL Server named “MyDevelopmentDB”
Server Name: Real Server Name, in our case server name is “MyDBServer”
Port Number: 1433 (Configured as before)
Click on apply and OK to create new SQL Server Alias on “MySPServer’ server

Network Library Configuration

Network Library Configuration

One more thing we need to take care is about the Port Number.

Open the Port for Inbound Connection if Enable Firewall

When we configure the port number for SQL Server Alias Name then server does not allow the out side server connection on this port because of the Firewall Settings.
So our next step is open the custom port for inbound connection if firewall is enabled.
Create a new Inbound rule for allowing the connection for alias port (in my case it is 1433)

Step 1: Open Windows Firewall with Advance Security from the Control Pannel. Click on the “New Rule” of Inbound Rules Tab. Select the Rule Type as “Port”. Click Next.

Firewall Settings

Firewall Settings

Step 2: Domain Rule apply for To TCP and Provide the specific port number (1433). Click Next.

Firewall Setting for Port

Firewall Setting for Port

Step 3: Apply the Rule on the Profile, Click Next and allow the connection.

Firewall Setting for Port

Firewall Setting for Port

Firewall Setting for Port

Firewall Setting for Port

Step 4: Provide the name of the inbound rule, Click Finish.

Firewall Setting for Port

Firewall Setting for Port

Now while creating the new farm, provides the SQL Client Alias named “DevelopmentDB” instead of the SQL Server Instance name of “MyDBServer”. So All database for the SharePoint Configuration will be created on the SQL Server of the “MyDBServer”

Let me know if you have any suggestions or questions.

Thank you…


Effectively Implemented SingleTon Architecture For REST API

Many Software developers know about the various design patterns.

As per the Software Engineering, a design pattern is a general reusable solution to a commonly occurring problem within a given context in software design.

Only knowing the design patterns is not enough. But when you are going to think and apply to your solution, then you are on the way to become a Solution Architect.

I have applied one pattern on one of my WCF REST API Service Application. Named as the SingleTon.

I just have limited concepts knowledge of limited Patterns.

One day, I was implementing WCF REST API Service Application for the Mobile Developer.

REST API Service also perform the Authentication. Now this need some clarification.

How to maintain the user credentials and authentication token on the web server?

One possible solution is to create SQL Server Database which stores the credentials information and update accordingly.

But it will decrease the performance of method execution because each time it has to verify the token with SQL Server Database.

One more thing in our project is that, We don’t have any SQL Server database.

So need some different Simple Approach. At that time, I have some little knowledge about SingleTon Pattern. Like,

A Singleton is a class which only allows a single instance of itself to be created, and usually gives simple access to that instance.

Structure :

using System;
public class Singleton
   private static Singleton instance;
   private Singleton() {}
   public static Singleton Instance
         if (instance == null)
            instance = new Singleton();
         return instance;

If the instance is already created then, it will not allow to create instance and it is also static so we can use that instance at the class level. So If I can store authentication details in that SingleTon instance,then I can also manipulate that instance and maintain authentication information
Now I have tried to associate my authentication requirement to SingleTon Pattern.Anyhow,I need to store authenticated user’s details at the web-server. So I can verify the token.

Now, Its time for implementation,I have created one user credential class

public class UserCredential
  public string UserName { get; set; }
  public string Password { get; set; }
  public string Token { get; set; }
  public string Domain { get; set; }

And one SingleTon class, which manage the list of UserCredential Information.

public class Singleton
  private static Singleton instance;
  public static List<UserCredential> userCredentialList { get; set; }
  private Singleton() { }
  public static Singleton Instance
      if (instance == null)
        instance = new Singleton();
      if (userCredentialList == null)
        userCredentialList = new List<UserCredential>();
      return instance;
  public List<UserCredential> AddCredential(UserCredential userCredential)
    return userCredentialList;

SingleTon class object, only create one instance of List of User Credentials, and I have to maintain this object using another method called Add Credential, As described above.

So I am not able to create new instance of SinlgeTon, But I can maintain the SingleTon instance with the list of user credentials details. Its static, So it can be accessible by each API method.

For Authentication, and storing the user credential for authenticated user, I have implemented below API method.

public string Authentication(UserCredential userData)
  string token = string.Empty;
  AuthenticationResponse authResponse = new AuthenticationResponse();
  if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(userData.UserName) && !string.IsNullOrEmpty(userData.Password))
    string userName = userData.UserName;
    string password = userData.Password;
    string domain = userData.Domain;
    Singleton singleTon = Singleton.Instance;
    List<UserCredential> existingUserCredentialList = Singleton.userCredentialList;
    int removedUser = existingUserCredentialList.RemoveAll((user) => (user.UserName == userName && user.Domain == domain));

    service = AuthService.ConnectToServiceForAuthentication(userInfo, new TraceListener());
    UserCredential userCredential = new UserCredential();
    if (service != null)
      userCredential.UserName = userName;
      userCredential.Password = password;
      userCredential.Domain = domain;
      userCredential.Token = Guid.NewGuid().ToString();
      token = userCredential.Token;
  catch (Exception ex)
    Logger.Write("Service.Authentication :" + ex.Message + ", " + ex.GetType());
  return token;

Above code authenticate the user on Exchange Server. If user is valid, then I store his credentials to the singleton instance with generated token and also return the token for further method calls. So If the user will come again, So he/she has to only need to pass the token. SingleTon instance will only disposed, When we perform the web-server restart or server crash.

At the Web server side, perform the token verification from the above generated singleton instance and return the user credential.

Verification Method :

public static UserCredential VerifyToken(string token)
  UserCredential uc = new UserCredential();
  UserCredential userCredential = null;
    Singleton singleTon = Singleton.Instance;
    List<UserCredential> existingUserCredentialList = Singleton.userCredentialList;
    userCredential = existingUserCredentialList.SingleOrDefault((user) => user.Token == token);
  catch (Exception ex)
    Logger.Write("Service.VerifyToken :" + ex.Message + ", " + ex.GetType());
  return userCredential;

We can also implement the Log-out method by just removing the user credentials from the SingleTon Instance of List of User Credentials.
We are not dealing with SQL Server Database and we are maintaining the information on the web-server only. So obviously, its faster.

I have just showed the example of just storing the credentials, But you can also think some out of bound scenarios and try to implement it.


Any Suggestions are appreciated.